Effectiveness of Opcode ngrams for Detection of Multi Family Android Malware
Gerardo Canfora, Andrea De Lorenzo, , Francesco Mercaldo, Corrado Aaron Visaggio
4th International Workshop on Security of Mobile Applications (IWSMA), held in Toulouse (France)
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Abstract # ↰
With the wide diffusion of smartphones and their usage in a plethora of processes and activities, these devices have been handling an increasing variety of sensitive resources. Attackers are hence producing a large number of malware applications for Android (the most spread mobile platform), often by slightly modifying existing applications, which results in malware being organized in families.Some works in the literature showed that opcodes are informative for detecting malware, not only in Android platform. In this work, we investigate if frequencies of ngrams of opcodes are effective in detecting Android malware and if there is some significant malware family for which they are more or less effective. To this end, we designed a method based on state-of-the-art classifiers applied to frequencies of opcodes ngrams. Then we experimentally evaluated it on a recent dataset composed of 11120 applications, 5560 of which are malware belonging to several different families. Results show that an accuracy of 97% can be obtained on the average, whereas perfect detection rate is achieved for more than one malware family.